“Despite religious repression, Sino-Vatican deal is significant”??? 「儘管受到宗教壓制,中梵協議意義重大」???

It is a sad surprise for me to read an article, on La Croix International, by Fr. Gianni Criveller, my long time friend.

It looks like a case of split personality.

In the first half of the article I recognize the serious scholar, well informed both of history and of recent facts.

But in its second part the article raises in me so many questions, that I cannot resist sharing them with the readers of the article.

The whole second part starts with the statement “the present Agreement (the secret Sino-Vatican Agreement dated 22 Sept) might lessen the Chinese Church’s misfortune.”

All what follows in the article is like the demonstration of the statement.

(1) Fr. Gianni Criveller says: the Agreement might avoid future illegitimate Episcopal Ordination, and in the same occasion the Holy See has legitimized all those seven illegitimate bishops, so (?) Fr. Criveller “hopes” that worthy episcopal candidates will be chosen in the future (although always with heavy control of the Government).

(2) Fr. Gianni Criveller says: Pope Francis deserves credit for this gesture of “open handedness”, breaking the historical impasse.

(3) Fr. Gianni Criveller says: the Pope allowed an exceptional concession to avoid greater evils and for the supreme good of the people of God.

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To (2): I dare to question: whether any openhandedness can be justified and whether the historical impasse should be broken at any cost?

The authority of the Pope to choose bishops belongs to the Pope, not to the Person N.N, who happens to be the Pope, so not even the Pope can give it to other people, not to say to an atheist and persecutor government.

The historical impasse may be an avoidable one. But, if an Agreement cannot be reached unless we betray our own identity, can we do that just to break the impasse?

To (3): I appreciate the mentioning of “good” and “evil” because His Eminence Cardinal Filoni would advise us to avoid any discussion about good and evil (right & wrong).

Then let us go back to point (1) and examine it precisely according to the “good and evil” distinction

― to have an illegitimate bishop is not a good thing, but does it become good simply because now the Pope recognizes the illegitimate as legitimate regardless of any visible sign of repentance or lack of it?

― a community with many illegitimate bishops is a bad thing, but does it become good, simply because the Pope no more calls them illegitimate, while they hold still to the principle of an independent Church and profess full obedience to the Communist Party?

― With all that happened after the signing of the Agreement (reaffirmation of the schismatic nature of the state recognized Church, the triumphant boldness of those willing slaves of the atheistic regime and their scornful derision of those who suffered for many years because of their faithfulness to the Holy See and now asked to surrender themselves) what is the foundation of hope, I like to ask Fr. Gianni Criveller, that good bishops will be chosen by the Beijing Government?

(Gianni, I am still your friend.)


我在《十字架報國際版》讀到我的老朋友柯毅霖神父(Fr. Gianni Criveller)的一篇文章,讓我感到訝異和遺憾。

它像一個人格分裂的情況。

在文章的前半部,我看到這位嚴肅的學者對歷史和近期的事都瞭如指掌。

但文章的第二部分,卻讓我產生許多的疑惑,不得不與該文章的讀者分享。

整個第二部分是以這句聲稱作開始:「現在的協議(9月22日中梵秘密協議)可能會減輕中國教會的不幸。」

文章之後的所有內容,就像是該句聲稱的展示。

(1)柯神父說:該協議可能會避免將來有非法主教祝聖,並在(簽署協議的)同一場合,教廷讓這七位非法主教全部合法,所以(?)柯神父「希望」,(儘管總是受到政府的嚴格控制),將來會選出堪當的主教候選人。

(2)柯神父說:對這種「大方」的(張開手的接納)姿態,打破了歷史的僵局,應該歸功於教宗方濟各。

(3)柯神父說:教宗允許特殊的讓步,以避免更大的惡,以及為了天主子民的最高益處(善)著想。

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至於(2):我敢提出質疑:是否任何的「大方」(張開手的接納)都可以合理化?以及歷史的僵局是否就應該不惜一切代價來打破?

教宗選擇主教的權力屬於教宗的,而不屬那個剛好是教宗的某某人,因此即使是教宗,也不能將權柄交給其他人,更遑論是一個無神論的和迫害人的政府。

歷史僵局可能是可以避免的。但如果是要我們背叛自己的身份否則便無法達成協議,那麼我們能否只為了打破僵局而這樣做呢?

至於(3):我很欣賞柯神父提到「善」和「惡」,因為斐洛尼樞機(Cardinal Filoni)會建議我們避免任何關於善惡(對與錯)的討論。

然後,讓我們回到第(1)點,並根據「善與惡」的區別來準確地檢視它:

── 有非法主教並不是一件好事;但僅僅因為現在教宗認可那些非法主教為合法的,不管他們有沒有任何明顯的悔改跡象,這就會變成是好事?

── 一個擁有很多非法主教的團體是一件壞事;但僅僅因為教宗不再稱他們為非法的,而他們卻仍堅持獨立教會的原則且完全服從共產黨,它就會變成好事?

── 在簽署協議後所發生的一切(國家認可的教會重申其分裂性質;無神論政權那些心甘情願的奴隸的大膽凱歌,以及他們輕蔑嘲笑那些因為忠貞於教廷而多年來一直遭受苦難、到頭來現在被要求投降的人),我想問問柯神父:「北京政府將選出好主教」的這種希望的基礎從何而來?

(柯神父,我仍然是你的朋友呀。)

關於「oldyosef」

天主教香港教區榮休主教
分類: 中國教會。這篇內容的永久連結

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