(Homily for the June 4th Memorial Mass)
It has been 32 years from 1989 to 2021. I was 57 years old, a young old man, that year. Those 57 and 60-year-old this year were young people in their twenties then. I believe they have a deep recollection of what happened on May 35th that year. But young people in their twenties this year can only listen to other people’s recounting a period of history that is about to be obfuscated by the passing of years.
Tonight, brothers and sisters of 90, 60 and below 30 years of age gathered here to participate in this Holy Mass because we belong to the same family, the family of Hong Kong people, the family of Hong Kong Catholics, as well as the family of the Chinese people and the family of humanity. We do not know how tomorrow’s newspapers will label our get-together this evening. For us, it is a memorial Mass.
Let us first remember what a memorial Mass is. We Catholics believe that when a person dies, his life will be judged definitively. We hope that everyone will be invited to enter Heaven and enjoy eternal glory. But we cannot rule out that some people will lose such blessing because they exclude themselves. Even those who are qualified to go to Heaven may still need to go through a purification process. This is our Catholic faith. Because of penitence, the sins committed in the past had been forgiven. But there still might be some stains and defects that had not been completely remedied through good deeds. They must be purified in painful expectation after death before they can enter the true blessing.
In this purification process, they get help from the whole Church because the Church is a mystic body. We share the treasure of this mystic body, we can contribute our prayers and virtuous deeds to this treasury and we can draw graces from it to help our brothers and sisters in completing this painful purification process.
The function of prayer and virtuous deeds is not limited by time. We are convinced that those brothers and sisters are already in Heaven, our offering and prayer today have already helped them the moment they needed it. Of course, such help is not limited to those who were baptized because any honest people with kind hearts belong to God’s people.
We dedicate this memorial Mass to remember the brothers and sisters who sacrificed their lives for our freedom and democracy in Tiananmen Square and the nearby alleys 32 years ago. What they demanded at that time was a clean government. What they longed for was a truly strong China. Unfortunately, they left the world bearing the stigma of being rioteers. Their sacrifice was for us, and we embrace their unfulfilled hope: a just and peaceful society, a people respected by the regime, and a truly great China respected by the world.
Some people will say: “The martyrs are already in Heaven. They have been remembered for 32 years. It is enough!” No, we really respect and love the patriotic martyrs, we do love our country, our hopes never die.
We read the Book of Tobit in the Masses this week. Tobit in his captive land learned one day that one his compatriot was killed, and his body was thrown in the marketplace. He immediately carried him home and buried him after the sun went down. He knew that by doing so he was risking his life. His neighbors also mocked him: “Is it worth betting on the life of a living person because of the respect for a dead corpse?” But Tobit could not let the human corpse become the food of the wild dogs. Similarly, we cannot let the names of the martyrs be shamed forever.
The Cultural Revolution has got an official evaluation. In 1981, the Sixth Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China resolved that the Cultural Revolution was an “internal upheaval initiated by the misguided leader…which brought catastrophic damage to the Party, the State and the whole people” and “the chief responsibility for the grave ‘Leftist’ error…does indeed lie with Comrade Mao Zedong.” So, wouldn’t it be easier to make a fair assessment also for June 4th?
If they still not listen to the voice of the people for 32 years, does it not make us fear that those in power still believe that the regime is justified to kill unarmed young people who love their country “for the sake of a so called “general interest?” Then, the June 4th tragedy is not slowly leaving us, but rather it will gradually appear before our eyes again.
We refuse pessimism. We will not lose hope. While remembering our dead, our prayer is also to ask the Lord to lead our rulers on the path of justice and peace.
May the Blessed Virgin Mary, All Saints, and the Chinese Martyr-Saints deliver our prayers to the altar of God.
Deputy Editor-in-chief of the Sunday Examiner
I gave you the dead-line 16 May, some kind person asked me to move it to 23 May, but what I find now is no apology at all.
Please, you can ignore me, but don’t take me for a fool.
You say: the two articles were neither the official stand of the Church nor of the Sunday Examiner, and you apologize for the confusion created.
What confusion? Have you made them to appear as the official stand of the Church? Have you made them to appear as the official stand of Sunday Examiner? No, you did not.
What you did and for which you have to apologize is the fact that you have willfully chosen to publish those two articles, one of which is an arrogant and preposterous insult to the two popes we so deeply venerate and love, and the other is a biased and untruthful criticism of a CDF statement, which is faithful to Catholic moral teaching that homosexual partnership can not be blessed as marriage, but in the same time (as you were forced to admit in your following piece of news) it calls the Christian community to welcome with respect and sensitivity persons with homosexual inclinations, because no one can be excluded from the care and love of the Church.
I am justified to say that you did it willfully and not as a casual overlook, because you had thousand possibilities of choice, but you chose those two poisonous pieces.
It betrays a seriously wrong mindset, for which you (or the one who has to take the responsibility for you) are to be considered as a dangerous person and unfit for the job, which is to give healthy food to the faithful who read this our paper.
Either you resign or I should warn the faithful to avoid reading the paper.
An enraged old man
Cardinal Joseph Zen
在三月廿八日的Sunday Examiner（英文公教報）（第十二頁全頁）一篇從UCAN（天亞社）轉載的文章使我又震驚，又忿怒。他們怎麼可以把那篇高傲地侮辱我們兩位教宗（若望保祿二世和本篤十六世）的文章登在我們的Sunday Examiner上？！
接着來的Sunday Examiner（四月十八日）（第十二頁全頁）一篇，又是由UCAN ／ La Croix International轉載的，非常偏激的文章使我更害怕Sunday Examiner根本是有計劃用這些文章來毒害我們的教友（各位兄弟姊妹要知道，現在的天亞社不是以前的天亞社，La Croix International和La Croix也不是同一件事）。
但還有人應該出來解釋發生了的是什麼事，是誰讓那兩篇文章被登出在我們的Sunday Examiner上？是那副總編輯Fr. Josekutty Mathew？是總編輯何嘉麗女士？是蔡神父？是……？應該有人出來解釋並道歉，否則我們就接受一切，繼續吞下藏毒的Sunday Examiner？
I could not believe my eyes when I spotted on Sunday Examiner (28 March, page 12) a full page article copied form UCAN, in which the author was incredibly arrogant in insulting our beloved and highly respected Pope J.P. II and Benedict XVI. Seeing no protest appearing on the following two issues (4 April, 11 April) I posted one on my blog on 16 April.
The following issue of Sunday Examiner (18 April, page 12) reproduced another full page article from UCAN / La Croix (for those who do not know the facts, this UCAN is no more the old UCAN, and the La Croix is La Croix International, two rather different entities). It only confirmed my fear that our Sunday Examiner has a plan of feeding our readers with similar poisonous rubbish.
Today’s issue of Sunday Examiner (25 April, page 12) reports a piece of “news” from Vatican CNS which seems to be a very much needed correction of the previous article. Maybe the people at 16 Caine Road have visited my blog.
But they still owe us an explanation of who were those responsible for the articles on issues 28 March and 18 April (Fr. Josekutty Mathew? Ms. Susanne Ho? Fr. Choy? ….) Somebody must take the responsibility and apologize! Otherwise should our faithful still support Sunday Examiner?
在三月廿八日的 Sunday Examiner（英文公教報），12頁，有一篇文章這樣開始：「我們很多人記得在教宗聖若望保祿二世在任時及教宗本篤退休前那些日子，我們怎樣生活在壓迫下。那兩位教宗束縛教會，嚴厲禁止言論自由並阻止實行梵二大公會議的某些決議。」
我實在很忙碌，希望有人會出來在同一媒體上作一個強烈的抗議，但並沒發生。難道現在祇有菲籍姊妹們看 Sunday Examiner 嗎？
但我知道以前也有許多別處的教友對我們的 Sunday Examiner 很有信心，而 Sunday Examiner 那時對 UCA News（天亞社）也可以很有信心，但現在情形很不同了。
那篇整頁文章的作者是孟買的一位神父，但文章刊於 UCA News 而 UCA News 卻作出聲明：「此文純屬作者看法，未必代表 UCAN 的官方立場」。
粗略看看Sunday Examiner主編為讀者選擇的文章，我怕本港這刊物已附屬於 UCAN（今日的UCAN）及 La Croix International（十字架報）了。
其實影響這一切的是「今日之星」Fr. Michael Kelly, SJ，天亞社的總裁也是「曾」很有名的 La Civiltà Cattolica（公教文明雜誌）英文版的主編。他是教宗方濟各「密友」Fr. Spadaro的朋友！
他以為識得把 orthodoxy 和 orthopraxis 對立起來真了不起了（其實教宗本篤不是說過：「一個沒有以真理為基礎的愛是一個空殼，你能把任何什麼東西放入去」）。
還有那 “Sinodality”，我們在聖經和傳統裡都找不到這件東西，多謝 Fr. Myron J. Pereira的指示，才知道原來那就是今天在德國教會正開始實行的（但這並不來自梵二大公會議〔難道梵二已是過時的了嗎？〕）。
Incredible things keep happening today in the world; incredible things are being said and written, but should we just let everything go, as if all this was normal?
I read on page 12 of Sunday Examiner 28 March 2021: “Many of us still remember how depressed we all were during the last days of the Pontificate of Pope Benedict XVI. Both he and his predecessor Pope St. John Paul II had fettered the Church, clamping down harshly on freedom of expression and sabotaging several Vatican Council initiatives.”
How incredible, how outrageous! Do they expect the Hong Kong readers to swallow such arrogant and insulting nonsense?
Being very busy, I left to others to make some strong protest on the following issues of the paper. But nothing appeared! Maybe nobody today, except our Philippino sisters, read the S.E. anymore?!
But there used to be many foreign readers who used to trust S.E., which could (for a long time) trust UCAN.
So I feel my duty of conscience to sound the alarm and call the people responsible for explaining and apologizing.
The full-page article is signed by a certain priest in Mumbai, but the article appeared on UCAN, with the declaration that “the views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the official editorial position of UCAN.”
Lie, Lie, Lie!
A cursory glance at the articles, chosen by our Sunday Examiner’s Deputy Editor in Chief to feed its readers, makes me suspect that our weekly paper is going to be a subsidiary of UCAN (today’s UCAN) and of La Croix International.
Behind all this is our new star Fr. Michael Kelly SJ, executive director of UCA News and editor of the English edition of the (once) prestigious “La Civiltà Cattolica,” so a friend of the friend of Pope Francis, Fr. Spadaro.
UCAN’s disclaimer is a lie. The article is perfectly faithful to the spirit of today’s UCAN and La Croix International. The author of the article is only a candid messenger, blatantly shouting some common places.
He is proud to oppose orthopraxis (compassion) to orthodoxy (faith) [Pope Benedict says that “love” without foundation on “truth” is an empty shell you can fill with anything!].
He seems to be putting all the blames on the “celibacy” of the clergy [But even Pope Francis abstained from doing that].
And the “Sinodality,” a word we don’t find in the Holy Scripture, neither in the Tradition, but thanks to Fr. Myron J. Pereira, SJ, we know it to mean what we see being practiced nowadays in Germany [but this is not in continuity with the Vatican II (which should belong already to the past?)].
Dear brothers and sisters living in Hong Kong, it is time we declare to which Church we want to belong!
(１). 他說：“the Holy See actually negotiate with a very, very small group of people from that (huge) structure (of chinese republic). So it is quite difficult to understand what the impact is, or what they take back to Beijing or what we bring to Beijing.”（恐怕他想說 “what we bring to Rome”？）中梵談判祇「在某一等級」。
(２). 他說：“The Holy See does not have a policy, a diplomatic policy, of denunciation almost anywhere in the world.” 教廷並沒有外交原則為世界任何冒犯人權的國家提出指摘。
但教宗多次也作了嚴厲的指摘。秘書長難道忘記了比約十一世反納粹政府的 “mit brennender Sorge”，反法西斯政府的 “non abbiamo bisogno” 及比約十二世的 “Humani generis”？
還有那些教宗比約十二世指摘中國無神政府的 Cupimus in primis（1952）Ad Sinarum gentes（1954）。
(３). 他說：“you have to ask what effect a statement is going to have. I don’t think that grandstanding statements can be terribly effective.” 你作一聲明時該問這聲明會有什麼效果。我不以為一些大聲指摘的言論會有什麼了不起的效果。
（四）聖經不是說真理常該宣講的嗎（不論合時不合時 opportune et importune）？！
(４). 他說：“democracy has different forms…democracy gets into difficulties if that culture is very superficial.” 民主能有不同方式，如果某地方的文化膚淺，民主會有問題。
(５). 他說：“Catholic community (in H.K.) in itself is significantly divided” 教廷不易任命香港主教，因為香港內部也分裂。
(６). 他說：“the responsibility (for the appointment of the Bishop) is with the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.” 他不知香港幾時有新主教，因為任命香港主教是傳信部處理的。
謝謝你，Archbishop Gallagher 現在我們知道向誰寫信了。
教友們，快寫信給 Cardinal Tagle 吧！